How Matriarchy and Patriarchy Culture Differ
Cheikh Anta Diop
Cheikh Anta Diop defined the difference between matriarchy and patriarchy in his original doctoral thesis presented at the Sorbonne in 1954; published in The Cultural Unity of Black Africa:The Domains of Patriarachy and of Matriarchy In Classical Antiquity in 1959.
It differentiates Southern Black/African Matriarchal culture from Northern white male Patriarachal culture.
DIOP’S TWO CRADLE THEORY
FROM “THE AFRICAN ORIGIN OF CIVILIZATION” AND “CULTURAL UNITY”
CHARACTERISTIS OF THE TWO CRADLES
(Determined by Environment after a separation during the Ice Age.)
Southern Cradle-Egyptian Model
- Abundance of vital resources.
- Gentle, idealistic, peaceful nature with a spirit of justice.
- Matriarchal family.
- Emancipation of women in domestic life.
- Territorial state.
- Social collectivism.
- Material solidarity of right for individual which makes moral or material misery unknown.
- Idea of peace, justice, goodness and optimism.
- Literature emphasizes novel tales, fables and comedy.
Northern Cradle-Greek Model
- Bareness of resources.
- Nomadic-hunting (piracy)
- Ferocious, warlike nature with spirit of survival.
- Patriarchal family.
- Debasement / enslavement of women.
- City state (fort)
- Moral solitude.
- Disgust for existence, pessimism.
- Literature favors tragedy.