~ PUUR's mission is to share the General History of Africa written by UNESCO to help Blacks reclaim their cultural identity; rectify the ignorance propagated by white writers, the slave trade, and colonization; counter the affects of forced assimilation / acculturation; and promote an African perspective with which to analyse current events. This ‘new’ history of Africa is mentally, emotionally, and psychologically transformative as, for example, it was for Detroit Red who emerged Malcolm X after learning his African history. Once intellectually ingested, like miracle substance, Blacks and non-white people of color are equipped to counter, neutralize, and abrogate the system or racism/white supremacy…once and for all.
Living, white Is Dangerous…Deadly, In Fact…Even for white People
Patriarchal Culture is Unhealthy
White people see the symptoms but are too patriarchal to see the problem, patriarchy. That’s why they don’t qualify to analyze any of America’s problem…only Black folk quality.
See the bottom of this collage, they say, “…Black and Hispanics, [despite being victims of the system of racism/white supremacy,] tend to have stronger family support, community support and church support to carry them through…rough times.”
This support system is cultural; it’s a benefit of Matriarchal culture…soooo, white folk need to start living matriarchally, is what those white women are saying in books like
Jews Wouldn’t Celabrate “A” Hitler Day…Native Americans Say No To Columbus Day…Support Name Change to Indigenous Day
History Says Columbus Was As Bad As Hitler…So Speak Up & Out To Change Today’s Name…Columbus Committed Genocide Wherever He Encountered People of Color…Like Confederate Statues, Holidays Celebrating Murderers Need Be Changed
More cities celebrating ‘Indigenous Peoples Day’ amid effort to abolish Columbus Day
By Peter Holley October 11 at 4:45 PM
Travis Mazawaficuna of the Dakota Nation (Sioux) Native American tribe arrives with others to the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples outside the United Nations in 2013. (Adrees Latif/Reuters) For the past 81 years, Americans have celebrated Columbus Day on the second Monday of October. That won’t change this year, but a growing number of cities are seeking to abolish the traditional holiday and replace it with a day that acknowledges and celebrates the millions of people who were already living here when Christopher Columbus arrived.
This year, the recast holiday known as Indigenous Peoples Day will take place in at least nine cities across the United States, including in Albuquerque, N.M., Anadarko, Okla., Portland, Ore., St. Paul, Minn., and Olympia, Wash., according to the Associated Press.
Last year, the Seattle City Council unanimously voted to change the federal Columbus Day holiday to Indigenous Peoples Day, making it the second major U.S. city after Minneapolis to adopt the change, according to Reuters.
The holiday’s new designation follows a decades-long push by Native American activists in dozens of cities across the country to abolish Columbus Day, and they had had mixed but increasingly successful results, according to the AP.
The next community to consider the change is Oklahoma City, where local leaders are scheduled this week to vote on a bill implementing Indigenous Peoples Day, according to NBC affiliate KFOR.
“This is something that I’ve struggled with for a long time,” Sarah Adams-Cornell told the station last month. “The fact that our country, our state and our city celebrate this holiday around this man who murdered and enslaved and raped indigenous people and decimated an entire population.”
In cities that have implemented a new holiday, activists described the change as the first step in a larger effort to reclaim a more accurate telling of history. For those communities, parades celebrating Columbus ignore a violent past that led to hundreds of years of disease, colonial rule and genocidal extermination following the Italian explorer’s accidental trip to the Americas, according to the AP.
“For the Native community here, Indigenous Peoples Day means a lot,” Nick Estes of Albuquerque, who is involved in planning the city’s Indigenous Peoples celebration scheduled for Monday, told the AP. “We actually have something. We understand it’s just a proclamation, but at the same time, we also understand this is the beginning of something greater.”
In a blog post published by the Huffington Post, Bill Bigelow, co-director of the Zinn Education Project, which “promotes and supports the teaching of people’s history in middle and high school classrooms across the country,” explained why many historians and indigenous communities find Columbus’s legacy so troubling.
“Columbus initiated the trans-Atlantic slave trade, in early February 1494, first sending several dozen enslaved Taínos to Spain,” Bigelow wrote. The following year, Columbus ramped up his attempt at making slavery a profitable enterprise, by rounding up 1,600 Taínos, sending the “best” 550 of those to Spain and telling his fellow colonialists they were free to take whoever remained.
By Bill & Melinda Gates FoundationSupporting today’s non-traditional students, from orientation to graduationREAD MORE
“Let us in the name of the Holy Trinity go on sending all the slaves that can be sold,” Columbus wrote.
Congress made the second Monday of October a federal holiday honoring Columbus in 1934.. The effort to rename the day began to see results in 1990, when South Dakota renamed Columbus Day to Native American Day, according to the AP. Two years later, Berkeley, Calif., began observing Indigenous Peoples Day.
Columbus Day supporters argue that the explorer symbolizes “centuries of cultural exchange between America and Europe,” according to the AP. But in years past, supporters of the holiday, such as Anna Vann — a member of the Sons of Italy’s Denver Lodge — have been unable to ignore the controversy surrounding the holiday.
“It’s been a struggle to even get people to come and attend the parades as spectators,” Vann said. “It’s a celebration of when the Europeans came over and started their lives here. We wouldn’t be where we are today if it weren’t for this history.”
The effort to change Columbus Day’s designation in Seattle last year provoked outrage among some Italian Americans there, Reuters reported.
“Italians are intensely offended,” Seattle native Lisa Marchese said. “For decades, Italian Americans celebrated not the man, but the symbol of Columbus Day. That symbol means we honor the legacy of our ancestors who immigrated to Seattle, overcame poverty, a language barrier and above all, discrimination.”
Blacks Still Running From Libyan War Caused by US When They Killed Gaddafi…who whose…
Gadhafi’s gold-money plan to build a United States of Africa, would have devastated the dollar…he told the continent:
Gaddafi had been pushing for a united Africa for years…so the continent could develop without interference from the West. When ‘divide and conquer’ didn’t work, murder did.
It was to prevent the creation of an independent hard currency in Africa that would free the continent from economic bondage under the dollar, the IMF and the French African franc, shaking off the last heavy chains of colonial exploitation.
Qaddafi’s government holds 143 tons of gold, and a similar amount in silver. This gold was intended to establish a pan-African currency based on the Libyan golden Dinar. This plan was designed to provide Francophone Africa with an alternative to the CFA.
UN says Libya recovered some 100 bodies of migrants in 2018
Associated Press AUGUST 6, 2018 — 6:15AM
CAIRO — The U.N. refugee agency says Libya’s coast guard has recovered some 100 bodies of Europe-bound migrants off its coast in 2018.
A statement from UNHCR late on Sunday also said that as of July 31, the Libyan coast guard had also intercepted or rescued 12,633 migrants in the Mediterranean Sea, near its shores.
Point: Know that Trumpism abroad, i.e., the last stage of colonialism is alive and well…
The Browning of the World…Thus, 10 Countries Desperately Want People To Have More Sex…A white Problem…Always Has Been…But It’s Worse Now
There are few things more important than fertility in determining a nation’s future viability.
Demographers suggest that a country needs a fertility rate of just over two children per woman to hit “replacement fertility” — the rate at which new births fill the spaces left behind by deaths.
But because of certain cultural and economic forces, only about half of the world’s 224 countries currently hit replacement fertility.
For those that don’t, encouraging people to have sex can involve strategies that range from highly explicit to downright bizarre.
Is that Boyz II Men I hear?
If you aren’t going to have a kid for your own family, Danes are told, at least do it for Denmark.
No, literally, do it for Denmark.
The small Nordic country has such a low fertility rate — about 1.73 children per woman — that Spies Rejser, a Danish travel company, has come up with ingenious incentives to persuade women to get pregnant.
First, it offered to provide three years’ worth of baby supplies to couples who conceived on a vacation booked through the company.
Now it has come up with a sexy campaign video titled “Do it for Mom,” which guilt trips couples into having kids to give their precious mothers a grandchild.
Vladimir Putin once brought Boyz II Men to Moscow to rile men up right before Valentine’s Day.
Can anyone blame him? As Tech Insider recently reported, the country is experiencing a perfect demographic storm. Men are dying young. HIV/AIDS and alcoholism are crippling the country. And women aren’t having babies.
The problem got so bad that in 2007 Russia declared September 12 the official Day of Conception.
On the Day of Conception, people get the day off to focus on having kids. Women who give birth exactly nine months later, on June 12, win a refrigerator.
Japan’s fertility rate has been below replacement since 1975.
To offset that decades-long trend, in 2010 a group of students from the University of Tsukuba introduced Yotaro, a robot baby that gives couples a preview of parenthood.
If men and women begin thinking of themselves as potential fathers and mothers, the students theorized, they’ll feel emotionally ready to take a stab at the real thing.
The 1960s in Romania were a perilous time for couples.
Population growth flatlined, prompting the government to impose a 20% income tax for childless couples and to implement provisions that made divorce nearly impossible.
The idea was: If you weren’t contributing to the communist state by creating future laborers, you had to contribute with dollars instead.
The 1980s weren’t much better, however — women faced forced gynecological exams that were performed by “demographic command units” to ensure pregnancies went to term. When Romanian leadership changed in 1989, the brutal policy finally came crashing down. But at 1.31 children per woman, the fertility rate is still well below replacement.
Singapore has the lowest fertility rate in the world, at just 0.81 children per woman.
On August 9, 2012, the Singaporean government held National Night, an event sponsored by the breath-mint company Mentos, to encourage couples to “let their patriotism explode.”
The country has also placed a limit on the number of small one-bedroom apartments available for rent to encourage people to live together and, presumably, procreate.
Each year the government spends roughly $1.6 billion on programs to get people to have more sex.
On the third Wednesday of every month, South Korean offices shut their lights off at 7 p.m. It’s known as Family Day.
With a fertility rate of just 1.25 children per woman, the country takes any steps it can to promote family life — even offering cash incentives to people who have more than one child.
India as a whole has no problem with fertility — the country’s ratio of 2.48 children per woman is well above replacement.
But the number of people in India’s Parsis community is dwindling — it shrank from roughly 114,000 people in 1941 to just 61,000 in 2001, according to the 2001 census.
That problem led to a series of provocative ads in 2014, including one that read “Be responsible — don’t use a condom tonight.” Another, geared toward men who lived at home, asked, “Isn’t it time you broke up with your Mum?”
The ads seem to be working: By the latest measure, the population has inched back to 69,000.
With a fertility rate of 1.43 — well below the European average of 1.58 — Italy has taken a controversial approach to encourage citizens to have more kids.
As Bloomberg reports, the country has been running a series of ads reminding Italians that time might be running out and that kids don’t just come from nowhere.
“Beauty knows no age, fertility does,” one ad said. “Get going! Don’t wait for the stork,” another said.
Couples haven’t responded positively to the guilt trip. Francesco Daveri, a professor of economics at Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, has called the ads a failure.
With a fertility rate of just 1.18 children per woman, Hong Kong faces the same challenge as many industrialized countries: Without enough young people to replace aging citizens, populations are dwindling and economic growth is slowing.
In 2013, the country proposed giving cash handouts to couples to encourage them to have kids.
The idea took its cue from Singapore, where parents receive a “baby bonus” of about $4,400 for their first two children and $5,900 for their third and fourth.
But in Hong Kong, the plan never came to life.
Fertility rates in Spain are creeping downward while unemployment is rising: About half of all young people don’t have a job. It’s the second-highest rate in Europe, behind Greece.
To combat the worrying trends, the Spanish government hired a special commissioner, Edelmira Barreira, in January 2017. Her first tasks are finding the myriad causes of the trend and devising macro strategies to reverse it .
“We have a lot of work ahead of us,” Barreira told the Spanish newspaper Faro De Vigo.
Your baby’s weight at birth is one of the key signs that the baby is healthy. So, when the baby has a low birth weight, which means they weigh less than 5.5 pounds at birth, they could be at risk for several health issues.
As newborns, they may have problems like difficulty breathing, heart problems, or bleeding in the brain. Later in life, they have a higher than normal risk of developing diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, or becoming obese.
Your baby’s weight and racism might not seem like topics that belong in the same sentence. But they’re more related than you might think. Let’s dive into why being a Black woman makes you more at risk to have a low birth weight baby.
Racism—Starting In The Womb
It’s not being Black and female that increases the risk of having a low-birth weight baby. It’s the connection between being Black and being discriminated against that increases the risk.
Many things can cause stress, from looking for a job to losing a loved one. And racism is right up there with the rest. Many Black women don’t even realize they are facing the stress of racism because it’s become so normal.
There are a few reasons why racism can make you stressed:
It’s rude. That might not sound very scientific, but—it’s true. When someone says or does something racist, it’s demeaning and negative. That can take a major toll on your psyche and health. Even your medical team might treat you differently—usually, without intending to—which can lead to subpar treatment during pregnancy.
Others’ racist attitudes can make it more difficult for Black women to find work, get housing, or receive good medical care. All of these factors impact the baby’s health and your health during pregnancy.
And Stress Affects My Baby’s Weight, How?
Everyone’s body produces cortisol (a.k.a. the “stress hormone”). During a normal pregnancy, your cortisol level can increase by 2 to 4 times. However, stress can make your body release more cortisol, and that’s where things get messy. Too much cortisol can reduce blood flow to the fetus, and that can restrict your baby’s growth.
Chronic stress can also weaken your immune system. This makes it harder for your body to fight infections, including infections in the uterus. This can lead to premature birth (a baby born before 37 weeks). And premature birth causes low birth weight in two-thirds of underweight newborns.
The bottom line: Racism is a powerful stressor that causes your body to release the same hormones it would in any other stressful situation. If you’re constantly facing discrimination, that stress can keep on building up and affect your baby’s birth weight.
Racism Can Also Affect You And Your Baby Like This …
Stress (like the stress caused by racism) can affect your behavior, which can, in turn, lead to low birth weight.
When people are stressed, they are more likely to turn to cigarettes, alcohol, and drugs. All of these activities can slow the baby’s growth in the womb, causing low birth weight.
It’s estimated that smoking during pregnancy accounts for 20 to 30% of babies born with a low birth weight, and up to 14% of premature births.
Secondhand smoke can increase a baby’s risk of low birth weight by as much as 20%.
There is no safe time or way to drink. Depending on your drinking habits, you can give your baby a 16% increased risk of low birth weight—as early as the second half of your first trimester.
… And Like This
You’ve heard the saying, “strong, independent Black woman.” And power to you if you are one.
But did you know that being strong and independent can actually be a major stressor if you’re Black?
White women who become strong and independent by climbing their way up the socioeconomic ladder have improved health outcomes. Black women? Not so much.
One of the reasons has been referred to as “weathering,” a term coined by Arline Geronimus, a professor at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. She explains that Black women have dealt with racism for such a long time that they feel like they’ve been weathered down.
Black women have put up with a lot of disadvantages. They’re more likely than white women to be single householders, raising an entire family. They’re also more likely to be unemployed, live in poverty, and lack access to health care.
Over time, their bodies just can’t take it anymore. They become more stressed, less healthy, and more likely to have babies born with health problems, like low birth weight.
Recap: White women become strong, independent, and healthy. Black women become strong, independent, and not quite so healthy.
That Boiling Blood
There’s something else that Black women deal with that can cause low birth weight: high blood pressure.
High blood pressure (hypertension) is when the force of blood flowing through blood vessels is consistently too high. It can increase your risk for heart attack and stroke.
But it doesn’t just affect you. High blood pressure can mean your developing baby doesn’t get enough oxygen or nutrients. This can cause him to have slow growth and be born underweight.
You can get high blood pressure for a whole slew of reasons. One is that the stress we just talked about can increase your appetite. And if you’re already having pregnancy cravings, it can be very easy to reach for the foods you know you shouldn’t eat.
Once in awhile? Not a big deal. But if you overdo the pizza and ice cream, you run the risk of developing high blood pressure, which is another risk factor for low birth weight.
Black women may have high blood pressure more than white women. However, it’s also something that all sisters—Black, white, Asian, Hispanic—need to worry about when pregnant.
Stress, lack of exercise, poor sleep, and unhealthy eating can all lead to high blood pressure. And any woman, no matter the color of her skin, may be more likely to have all of these risk factors while pregnant.
There’s Something You Can Do About It
Remember: You may not be able to single-handedly control racism in the U.S. But you can control how you cope with the stress:
Refuse to turn to negative coping mechanisms—no smoking, no drinking, no drugs.
Surround yourself with supportive girlfriends and drama-free loved ones, at least until the baby is born.
Remind yourself that you’re loved, worth taking care of, and can have a great future.
Eat a healthy diet. Yes, you’re pregnant, but you still shouldn’t overeat.
Work out. Thirty minutes of mild to moderate exercise daily (e.g., brisk walking, swimming) should do the trick.
Meditate or join a prenatal yoga class.
Address the cause of stress. If your boss is a jerk, if you’re partner is pissing you off, if your landlord is a hot mess, it may be time to have a come-to-Jesus meeting with anyone who is causing you stress, whether it’s related to racism or not.
Get enough sleep. Adults need about 7 to 9 hours per night, and pregnant women usually need even more than that. Figure out how you can add some extra sleep time to your day.
If you are pregnant, hoping to one day become pregnant, or know someone who is pregnant, send this information to them. Have a conversation with the medical team during prenatal care about what you can do make sure your baby is born at a healthy weight.
One of the best ways to relieve stress is talking, sharing, conversation …in a safe space, so, 2/3 persons, start a Racism 12 Step Talk Group…to eventually include an educational piece that explores and examines racism/white supremacy. Read what the victims of oppression who’ve studied it say, like:
& listen to the Dr. Frances Cress Welsing on YouTube.
Just like you need to know what to do about hypertension when you have it, you need to know what to do about internalized racial inferiority when you suffer from it. And, the two doctors above is a good place to start the education process.
I’ll provide the steps…just ask…& Why 12 Steps For Racialized Thinking forthcoming by Jackie Morgan