European/ white Culture Leaders Vs African Representatives
European/ white Culture Leaders Vs African Representatives
Qaddafi’s government holds 143 tons of gold, and a similar amount in silver. This gold was intended to establish a pan-African currency based on the Libyan golden Dinar. This plan was designed to provide Francophone Africa with an alternative to the CFA.
CAIRO — The U.N. refugee agency says Libya’s coast guard has recovered some 100 bodies of Europe-bound migrants off its coast in 2018.
A statement from UNHCR late on Sunday also said that as of July 31, the Libyan coast guard had also intercepted or rescued 12,633 migrants in the Mediterranean Sea, near its shores.
There are few things more important than fertility in determining a nation’s future viability.
Demographers suggest that a country needs a fertility rate of just over two children per woman to hit “replacement fertility” — the rate at which new births fill the spaces left behind by deaths.
But because of certain cultural and economic forces, only about half of the world’s 224 countries currently hit replacement fertility.
For those that don’t, encouraging people to have sex can involve strategies that range from highly explicit to downright bizarre.
Is that Boyz II Men I hear?
If you aren’t going to have a kid for your own family, Danes are told, at least do it for Denmark.
No, literally, do it for Denmark.
The small Nordic country has such a low fertility rate — about 1.73 children per woman — that Spies Rejser, a Danish travel company, has come up with ingenious incentives to persuade women to get pregnant.
First, it offered to provide three years’ worth of baby supplies to couples who conceived on a vacation booked through the company.
Now it has come up with a sexy campaign video titled “Do it for Mom,” which guilt trips couples into having kids to give their precious mothers a grandchild.
Vladimir Putin once brought Boyz II Men to Moscow to rile men up right before Valentine’s Day.
Can anyone blame him? As Tech Insider recently reported, the country is experiencing a perfect demographic storm. Men are dying young. HIV/AIDS and alcoholism are crippling the country. And women aren’t having babies.
The problem got so bad that in 2007 Russia declared September 12 the official Day of Conception.
On the Day of Conception, people get the day off to focus on having kids. Women who give birth exactly nine months later, on June 12, win a refrigerator.
Japan’s fertility rate has been below replacement since 1975.
To offset that decades-long trend, in 2010 a group of students from the University of Tsukuba introduced Yotaro, a robot baby that gives couples a preview of parenthood.
If men and women begin thinking of themselves as potential fathers and mothers, the students theorized, they’ll feel emotionally ready to take a stab at the real thing.
The 1960s in Romania were a perilous time for couples.
Population growth flatlined, prompting the government to impose a 20% income tax for childless couples and to implement provisions that made divorce nearly impossible.
The idea was: If you weren’t contributing to the communist state by creating future laborers, you had to contribute with dollars instead.
The 1980s weren’t much better, however — women faced forced gynecological exams that were performed by “demographic command units” to ensure pregnancies went to term. When Romanian leadership changed in 1989, the brutal policy finally came crashing down. But at 1.31 children per woman, the fertility rate is still well below replacement.
Singapore has the lowest fertility rate in the world, at just 0.81 children per woman.
On August 9, 2012, the Singaporean government held National Night, an event sponsored by the breath-mint company Mentos, to encourage couples to “let their patriotism explode.”
The country has also placed a limit on the number of small one-bedroom apartments available for rent to encourage people to live together and, presumably, procreate.
Each year the government spends roughly $1.6 billion on programs to get people to have more sex.
On the third Wednesday of every month, South Korean offices shut their lights off at 7 p.m. It’s known as Family Day.
With a fertility rate of just 1.25 children per woman, the country takes any steps it can to promote family life — even offering cash incentives to people who have more than one child.
India as a whole has no problem with fertility — the country’s ratio of 2.48 children per woman is well above replacement.
But the number of people in India’s Parsis community is dwindling — it shrank from roughly 114,000 people in 1941 to just 61,000 in 2001, according to the 2001 census.
That problem led to a series of provocative ads in 2014, including one that read “Be responsible — don’t use a condom tonight.” Another, geared toward men who lived at home, asked, “Isn’t it time you broke up with your Mum?”
The ads seem to be working: By the latest measure, the population has inched back to 69,000.
With a fertility rate of 1.43 — well below the European average of 1.58 — Italy has taken a controversial approach to encourage citizens to have more kids.
As Bloomberg reports, the country has been running a series of ads reminding Italians that time might be running out and that kids don’t just come from nowhere.
“Beauty knows no age, fertility does,” one ad said. “Get going! Don’t wait for the stork,” another said.
Couples haven’t responded positively to the guilt trip. Francesco Daveri, a professor of economics at Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, has called the ads a failure.
With a fertility rate of just 1.18 children per woman, Hong Kong faces the same challenge as many industrialized countries: Without enough young people to replace aging citizens, populations are dwindling and economic growth is slowing.
In 2013, the country proposed giving cash handouts to couples to encourage them to have kids.
The idea took its cue from Singapore, where parents receive a “baby bonus” of about $4,400 for their first two children and $5,900 for their third and fourth.
But in Hong Kong, the plan never came to life.
Fertility rates in Spain are creeping downward while unemployment is rising: About half of all young people don’t have a job. It’s the second-highest rate in Europe, behind Greece.
To combat the worrying trends, the Spanish government hired a special commissioner, Edelmira Barreira, in January 2017. Her first tasks are finding the myriad causes of the trend and devising macro strategies to reverse it .
“We have a lot of work ahead of us,” Barreira told the Spanish newspaper Faro De Vigo.
The Answer Is Simple…1st Step…Talk About It…
In A Racism 12 Group Ideally; Step 2, Go Beyond Personal Experience…Research & Study It, Become An Expert On It
Here are some facts…per my research….
Your baby’s weight at birth is one of the key signs that the baby is healthy. So, when the baby has a low birth weight, which means they weigh less than 5.5 pounds at birth, they could be at risk for several health issues.
As newborns, they may have problems like difficulty breathing, heart problems, or bleeding in the brain. Later in life, they have a higher than normal risk of developing diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, or becoming obese.
Your baby’s weight and racism might not seem like topics that belong in the same sentence. But they’re more related than you might think. Let’s dive into why being a Black woman makes you more at risk to have a low birth weight baby.
It’s not being Black and female that increases the risk of having a low-birth weight baby. It’s the connection between being Black and being discriminated against that increases the risk.
Unlike other disparities, education doesn’t even matter. Babies born to college-educated Black women are still more likely to have a lower birth weight than babies born to white women who dropped out high school.
Many things can cause stress, from looking for a job to losing a loved one. And racism is right up there with the rest. Many Black women don’t even realize they are facing the stress of racism because it’s become so normal.
There are a few reasons why racism can make you stressed:
Everyone’s body produces cortisol (a.k.a. the “stress hormone”). During a normal pregnancy, your cortisol level can increase by 2 to 4 times. However, stress can make your body release more cortisol, and that’s where things get messy. Too much cortisol can reduce blood flow to the fetus, and that can restrict your baby’s growth.
Chronic stress can also weaken your immune system. This makes it harder for your body to fight infections, including infections in the uterus. This can lead to premature birth (a baby born before 37 weeks). And premature birth causes low birth weight in two-thirds of underweight newborns.
The bottom line: Racism is a powerful stressor that causes your body to release the same hormones it would in any other stressful situation. If you’re constantly facing discrimination, that stress can keep on building up and affect your baby’s birth weight.
Stress (like the stress caused by racism) can affect your behavior, which can, in turn, lead to low birth weight.
When people are stressed, they are more likely to turn to cigarettes, alcohol, and drugs. All of these activities can slow the baby’s growth in the womb, causing low birth weight.
You’ve heard the saying, “strong, independent Black woman.” And power to you if you are one.
But did you know that being strong and independent can actually be a major stressor if you’re Black?
White women who become strong and independent by climbing their way up the socioeconomic ladder have improved health outcomes. Black women? Not so much.
One of the reasons has been referred to as “weathering,” a term coined by Arline Geronimus, a professor at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. She explains that Black women have dealt with racism for such a long time that they feel like they’ve been weathered down.
Black women have put up with a lot of disadvantages. They’re more likely than white women to be single householders, raising an entire family. They’re also more likely to be unemployed, live in poverty, and lack access to health care.
Over time, their bodies just can’t take it anymore. They become more stressed, less healthy, and more likely to have babies born with health problems, like low birth weight.
Recap: White women become strong, independent, and healthy. Black women become strong, independent, and not quite so healthy.
There’s something else that Black women deal with that can cause low birth weight: high blood pressure.
High blood pressure (hypertension) is when the force of blood flowing through blood vessels is consistently too high. It can increase your risk for heart attack and stroke.
But it doesn’t just affect you. High blood pressure can mean your developing baby doesn’t get enough oxygen or nutrients. This can cause him to have slow growth and be born underweight.
You can get high blood pressure for a whole slew of reasons. One is that the stress we just talked about can increase your appetite. And if you’re already having pregnancy cravings, it can be very easy to reach for the foods you know you shouldn’t eat.
Once in awhile? Not a big deal. But if you overdo the pizza and ice cream, you run the risk of developing high blood pressure, which is another risk factor for low birth weight.
Black women may have high blood pressure more than white women. However, it’s also something that all sisters—Black, white, Asian, Hispanic—need to worry about when pregnant.
Stress, lack of exercise, poor sleep, and unhealthy eating can all lead to high blood pressure. And any woman, no matter the color of her skin, may be more likely to have all of these risk factors while pregnant.
Remember: You may not be able to single-handedly control racism in the U.S. But you can control how you cope with the stress:
If you are pregnant, hoping to one day become pregnant, or know someone who is pregnant, send this information to them. Have a conversation with the medical team during prenatal care about what you can do make sure your baby is born at a healthy weight.
One of the best ways to relieve stress is talking, sharing, conversation …in a safe space, so, 2/3 persons, start a Racism 12 Step Talk Group…to eventually include an educational piece that explores and examines racism/white supremacy. Read what the victims of oppression who’ve studied it say, like:
& listen to the Dr. Frances Cress Welsing on YouTube.
Just like you need to know what to do about hypertension when you have it, you need to know what to do about internalized racial inferiority when you suffer from it. And, the two doctors above is a good place to start the education process.
I’ll provide the steps…just ask…& Why 12 Steps For Racialized Thinking forthcoming by Jackie Morgan
Joe Madison who told us about the Alt-right tries to co-op Black Panther
Mark Thompon, who often responds Afrocentrically
Inside the Issues with Dr. Wilmar Leon who interviewed psychiatrist, Dr. Brandy Lee, who briefed Congress on Trump’s mental state.
The Washington Informer primarily for local Black news.
And, The Final Call which covers non-whites the world over.
#bwoke: Trump Maynot B Mentally Fit 2B Your President; Did You Know, Congress is Talking to Psychiatrist Dr. Bandy Lee & the 25th Amendment?
When you see the movie, you’ll notice quickly how Wakanda looks like the future: It’s full of details like healing tables and hovercraft, all powered by vibranium. But if you look at the costumes, you can see that that Wakanda’s Afro-futurism is grounded in the past.
Designer Ruth Carter — whose previous films include Selma, Malcolm X and Roots — pulled colors, shapes, jewelry, and textures from tribes all over Africa. She says she wanted to tell a story “of brilliance, royalty, intrigue — you name it. I feel that you can tell a story through clothing.”
One detail Carter particularly likes is in the Black Panther suit worn by Chadwick Boseman, who plays T’Challa. The suit was created by Marvel character designer Ryan Meinerding, but the fabric has a triangular surface pattern that’s all Carter.
“That triangle is the sacred geometry of Africa,” Carter says. “I call that pattern the ‘Okavango’ pattern. I felt that it made his suit have this character that would, in the wide shots, make him this superhero but in the close-up, you see this beautiful pattern that is consistent with a lot of the art of Africa and would turn him into this African king.”
Carter’s costumes needed to evoke an African country that had never been colonized, one that looked toward the future but was based on a real past. So she found inspiration from African art and craft, and indigenous tribal wear from all over the continent. Then she and her team worked to create group drawings of the various groups in Wakanda.
“And we did them as they were centuries ago,” she says. “Then, it was a process of deciding how we go from there in the past, to where Wakanda would be in the future.” For Carter and her team, that meant using the same color palette, the same headdresses or beadwork but with more modern sillhouettes. The Dora Milaje, for example, are Wakanda’s elite team of female warriors, and they wear bright red military uniforms, a leather harness and beaded tabard, and metal neck rings and armor. It’s a striking look that Carter created “based on some of the beloved practices of many indiginous tribes” like the Maasai of Kenya, the Ndebele of South Africa, the Himba people of Namibia.
The bright red color comes from those tribes in Kenya. The Dora Milaje’s leather harnesses were crafted in the way of South African leathersmiths — woven together with a big heavy stitch. Their tabards feature intricate beading, a nod to the beadwork found throughout Africa. Even their tights are patterned with the same triangular pattern you can see on the Black Panther suit.
“I really wanted this to have a feeling that if you were an aspiring Dora Milaje and you were granted permission to be a member, you would be presented with this beautiful honor and this beautiful uniform that was exclusively yours and handsmade by craftsmen.”
But where Carter stayed closer to traditional tribal wear for the Dora Milaje, an institution in Wakanda, Carter looked further into the future with another character, Shuri. She’s T’Challa’s younger sister and the resident tech genius — her lab is a science fiction dream and she creates and builds all of Wakanda’s technology, including the Black Panther suit. For Shuri, Carter was guided by one scene in the film: Representatives from each tribe have gathered for the King’s Challenge — anyone wishing to take the throne must challenge T’Challa to a fight. Shuri wears a traditional costume, including a corset inspired by the Dinka people, and she shouts at one point, “Can we get a move on? This corset is uncomfortable.
“So she told us right away that that’s not where she comes from, that’s not where she wants to be mentally,” Carter says. From there on out, Shuri dresses in clothes with modern sillhouettes and fabrics — Carter chose youthful, vibrant colors overlaid with mesh fabrics or bold outlines. But Carter says the shape of her clothing still holds meaning.
“Her first dress is a white dress and we created the front of it to be this cylindrical round shape — and I was trying to connect shapes within Wakanda so you see them repeat. It’s the language of Wakanda.”
Carter knows a lot about the world of Wakanda now, but when she was first asked to interview for Black Panther, she thought it was a simple superhero film. “I knew about him as a superhero, but I didn’t know that he lived in a secret place called Wakanda — I knew he was from Africa, but I didn’t know that they weren’t colonized and they had all different types of tribes within their little hidden country.”
Carter says the more she understood about Black Panther and the people of Wakanda, she began to get scared. “This is [a character] that’s gone back fifty years and I’m going to be given the task to create this world on camera for the fans!”
But she got over her fear and set about creating a rich tapestry of color and texture. She says her experience on the film underscored how costume design is art. “I learned that I was an artist, that I could communicate and tell stories through this wonderful medium of adornment. The adornment of Africa has always been a part of their beauty from scarification to beadwork to woodwork, and I fell in love with it even more.”
PUUR University Question
Question: share 4 reasons this movie counters the Black negative esteem generated by white/patriarchal movies?
…for all my friends, new friends especially, new male friends even more so, & new young male friends who call me ‘honey’….
Referring to a mature Black female whom you’ve never met as ‘honey’ is ok per white male Patriarchal culture…which has no respect for women
….but it’s disrespectful per Black Matriarchal culture…
….so, please stop disrespecting me, I’m a Black female elder…who’s about the elder mission of helping non-white people save our culture from the Trump Club…
PLEASE…focus…on the topic of this Facebook page…. Understandin & Undoing Racism, please & thank you, my brothers.
Question: share 4 reasons this movie counters the Black negative esteem generated by white/patriarchal movies?